Lonely, thanks. However you are forgetting that the biggest problem is CORRUPTION! As long as "money" runs the show, then not any form of government works. Also if you let "uneducated" super religious people of the "dumb" States run the show then the result is as it is right now. Kentucky should not run the country, but McConnell does.
Thus get the "money out of all things in government; no more "slush funds to bribe" no more "Super PAC's", no more "billionaires" with influence, no more lobbyists, no NRA influence, elections without money (limit it to very small donations to be able to cover the cost only) no more Trump type rally's etc. with huge cost for flying an huge plane and hundreds of "secret service people" Trump's trips have cost the tax payer now after two years at least 500 million. Thus there is lots to fix on this "silly" island. If you elect an "dumb mob" uneducated President then you also get dumb followers as well "mob" type people in the government. Also it would be wise to indeed to rewrite the Constitution, for instance "no electoral college" an strict detailed section on the limits of the President and qualifications to become one. Each time someone says: "this never happened before"; the Constitution does not cover it" You can't go on forever with "case" laws only and let a zillion lawyers tinker with it. Any "base law" should always be caught up with the "times". Due to the fact our "base laws" are full of holes and written 200 years ago, then Trump or others have no problem to become dictators. Doing nothing will get us into an Venezuela situation. Trump already did prove where the "loopholes" are.
Dutch, I will disagree slightly. While corruption and the influence of money is a major issue it is superseded by stupidity, ignorance, racism and exceptionalism. Even if money were rooted completely out of politics Trump could have run and likely would have won.
Now the electoral college which was created so that slaveholding states wouldn't lose their slaves needs to go away. the concept that this would mean that so-called plover country would be ignored is ridiculous. They would still have congresspeople and senators. That the candidate one particular party would be directly elected does not damage "flyover" country. If Republicans can produce a candidate that is electable strictly on policy as opposed to pandering to so-called swing states then so be it. Conservatism requires limiting the vote and the electoral college is one way to do that.
The name of the book is "How Democracies Die" by Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt.