Mike Krechevsky Wrote: Max Webers seminal work Protestantism and the Rise of Capitalism wherein he discussed the social/pyschological forces at play in creating the "Protestant Work Ethic" a phrase he coined. Much of his work was in response to Karl Marx written in the latter half of the 19th century. Various Protestant ideologies were surfacing in Europe and on to the New World during the 17th and 18th. John Calvins work was one of the very influential threads that made it's way to England.
I'm not a religious scholar. I just happened to spend some time in this area as a History and Sociology major a long long time ago. I think it would be fair to say many perhaps most Protestants and Catholics do not subscribe to the doctrine of predestination (or have even heard of it) but it does help account for the intransigence of some Protestants on the religious right.