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Finding innovative long-term solutions . . . . . . (sent to my right-wing friend re. alternatives as major energy corp. quests)
Except for nuclear, . . . . alternatives begin from a much smaller base than oil, natural gas, and coal, and the infrastructure to support them on the same scale does not currently exist. But they can, do, and will play an important role
The global energy demand challenge is matched by a global environment challenge – curbing greenhouse-gas emissions and addressing the risks of climate change. Thanks to greater energy efficiency and growing use of cleaner energy such as natural gas for power generation, greenhouse-gas emissions levels are expected to decline in some developed economies.
For example, in the United States, energy-related carbon-dioxide emissions are approaching a plateau and will decrease over the next two decades. These trends set to continue and potentially accelerate, not only in the United States, but in other developed economies as well.
The challenge for developing economies is more daunting, where energy demand is increasing as growing populations strive for higher standards of living. For example, by the year 2030, China's carbon-dioxide emissions will be comparable to those of the United States and Europe combined – even recognizing that China's energy use and emissions will be much lower on a per-capita basis – rising from 4 metric tons per capita in 2005 to 5.8 metric tons per capita in 2030.
Nonetheless, the net effect of these countervailing trends will be sizeable increase in greenhouse-=gas emissions worldwide. Even with dramatic gains in efficiency, rising demand for energy will continue to push related carbon-dioxide emissions higher through the year 3040 – an increase of 28 percent from the year 2008.
No single energy source available today solves this dual challenge of meeting growing energy needs while reducing emissions and no single energy source will solve tomorrow. There is no one perfect solution on the shelf or on the drawing board. For now and the foreseeable future, an integrated set of solutions is required – ranging from producing hydrocarbons more effectively . . . to using them more efficiently and with lower impact. . . . to improving existing alternative sources of energy . . . to developing new options.
To develop these integrated solutions, we will need tofind the best ways to unlock new technology. Energy innovation – led by private enterprise, furthered by independent research spread by free markets and supported by sensible and stable public policy – will be essential to enabling us to achie evach of these aims. It is the key to a more prosperous, more secure, and more sustainable energy and environmental future.
Reflecting the nature of the dual challenge we face, . . . .research covers a broad spectrum of technologies, from work on carbon-based energy systems, including carbon capture and storage, to advanced research on renewable sources, especially solar and bio-energy . . . to groundbreaking efforts in hydrogen and electrochemical transformations.
Gee!! Must be some left-wing-nut wrote the above!! Doesn't disparage and decry and dismiss climate and
greenhouse emissions as mere Gore-lore-ludicry. Actually puts "alternatives" in the category of crucial contributants (at least) to ongoing fuel-resources and power-systems.
Source: Remarks by Rex W. Tillerson ("Rex"? What kind of lib-loser name is that?)
Chairman and CEO, Exxon Mobil Corporation
Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP)
February 17, 2009 (Stanford? California? What else would you
expect from such liberal lair?)
[I looked this material up after sending you the 2nd email 6/1/12 evening. [I'd written my assumption that "alternative energy"
was not a left-wing, moonbat, dreamer-tinkerer realm. But I realized that I needed documentation of major corporate interest and
investment to present to you, my right-wing friend. Search further yourself. ]
Continuing published material from above:. . . . . .
Measured on a well-to-wheels" basiss, . . . on-vehicle hydrogen fuel system on a fuel-cell car could provide up to 80 percent better fuel economy and emit 45 percent less carbon dioxide than today's vehicles.
Few people know that ExxonMobil actually inveted the lithium battery back in the 1970s.
Another research area for ExxonMobil is advanced biofuels. Much attention has been focused on first-generation biofuels such as corn-based ethanol. These are currently making an important contribution in the energy mix, but their net greenhouse gas benefits have been called into question, and their impact on global food supplies has raised concerns. . . . . . . . . .As a result we have turned our attention to next-generation biofuels, including the production of carbon dioxide without the need for significant fossil-fuel energy input. . . . . . . . . . . . . Our initial analysis suggests that with much further R&D, it may be possible that new algae and biomass conversion technologies could play a role in transportation fuel supplies, while reducing greenhouse gas and land-use impacts as compared with first-generation biofuels.
National and state governments can play a helpful role in this vital enterprise. By creating a stable long-term policy framework for investment in academic and commercial research efforts, government can be a partner in the short- medium- and long-term technological transformations we need.
It is rare that a business lends its support to new taxes. But in this case, given the risk-management challenges we face and the alternatives under consideration, it is my judgment that a carbon tax is the best course of public policy action. And it is a judgment I hop others in the business community and beyond will come to share. End ExxonMobil segment
BP's portfolio of venturing investment spans three broad areas: carbon innovation, bio-energy, and electrification. This includes a range of specialized innovations and technologies such as waste-heat recovery, energy storage, carbon funds, and land-carbon projects, and biofuels and bio-based products. They provide new business options as well as adding value to BP's existing oil and gas operations.. . . . . [and the extent of other petro-industry R&D & investment into alter-native energies and systems is quite amazing to discover!! ]