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Blaise Pascal put forth Pascal's Wager which argues that all humans wager with their lives that either God exists or God doesn't exist. And with that wager comes either infinite rewards or infinite loss. It is therefore better to wager on the side of the existence of God to avoid the infinite loss scenario as best as possible. Of course, the argument completely falls apart when you consider all the possible gods that there are to worship. It's not a simple 50/50 scenario at all. Plus you would have to consider all the gods that have no even been considered.
But Pope Francis has added something new to the wager: "The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! ‘Father, the atheists?’ Even the atheists. Everyone!".. We must meet one another doing good. ‘But I don’t believe, Father, I am an atheist!’ But do good: we will meet one another there.”
Which now means that, according to the Catholic Church, that even atheists will be welcome into heaven as long as they are good people. This sort of gets rid of the "infinite loss" scenario all together. I'm not sure if what the Pope said applies retroactively to all atheists who have ever live or only to the ones living now. Guess it would be a little awkward to see the guy you stoned to death for denying the existence of God back in the 15th century suddenly sharing the basketball with you up beyond the pearly gates.
I wonder how Blaise Pascal would alter his argument knowing that even atheists get into heaven now. As for me, the validation of an organization that hates gays and shelters pedophiles doesn't really make a difference to me.