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The Native American Indian population has been under siege for a long time, and conflicts with invaders date back to the days before the United States became a country.
The first conflict started in 1609, when the French still controlled large parts of the United States.
The "modern" era of conflict dates from 1823 to 1918, but discrimination against natives still persisted after that.
A recent book (soon to be a movie) is "Killers of the Flower Moon", which I read about a year ago. After the Osage Indians were moved to a reservation in Oklahoma, oil was discovered underground in the early 1920's. For a period of time, the Osage Indians were some of the wealthiest people in the country - and then the murders started. Officially, 2o Indians were murdered, but the numbers may actually have been hundreds more.
Unlike many of the white European settlers, the natives had a deep respect for the land that they lived on, which is reflected in the ten Native American Commandments:
Although women were granted the right to vote in 1920, the Native Americans did not gain the right to vote until 1924 - and then not in all states. Arizona and New Mexico finally removed barriers to voting in 1948, and the last state to fully guarantee voting rights for Native people was Utah in 1962
Native Americans, specifically, the Code Talkers, were very instrumental in helping us win the war in the Pacific. The last of the original 29 Navajo code talkers who developed the code, Chester Nez, died on June 4, 2014. Four of the lastnine Navajo code talkers used in the military died in 2019: Alfred K. Newman, died on January 13, 2019, at the age of 94. On May 10, 2019, Fleming Begaye Sr., died at the age of 97.
Ira Hayes, a native of Phoenix, was one of the Marines who erected the flag on Iwo Jima, and he was commemorated in song by Johnny Cash.
Flagstaff, where I lived for almost 4 years, is roughly 1/3 Native American, which is why one of the commencement speeches at local high schools is given in Navajo. At the local car dealership where I worked, the Natives were still treated as second class citizens, and that is probably still true today.
I grew to appreciate Native American culture when our kids were younger, and both of them participated in the Indian Guides program sponsored by the local YMCA. Sadly, even that program has fallen victim to "political correctness'. Starting in 2003, "Indian Guides" became "Adventure Guides," "Princesses" will be "Explorers" and "tribes" are to be known as "circles," as the program's curriculum shifts to a more generalized one based on nature.
For the record, I was chief Horse Feathers. None of the kids ever caught on to the fact that a synonym for horse feathers is bullshit.