Perhaps I'll put in links later.
These depictions are interesting. Have you considered the "NIMBY" (Not in my backyard) principle? NIMBY can definitely alter the cast of a topic. First of all, please consider that the Somalis were/are not generally moving into White America, they are not moving into affluent areas, for the most part, they are not moving into middle-class neighborhoods There may be exceptions I am unaware of.
So where are the Somalis going?
I have to digress from the present history celebrating Somalis in MN story, to illustrate there is a preexisting people and oppressive struggle here.
I lived in the semi-northern central section of Minnesota and then later down in further south-central MN in the northern urban areas of Minneapolis,
So let's start at the beginning:
Archeology determines that copper tools dating 5000 years back confirm natives living in what is now central MN; I would estimate far longer. Construction crews regularly run into ancient native gravesites. The area was or had become the homelands of the Dakota (Native American tribe consisting of 7 bands). In central semi-northern Minnesota was the great Dakota city of Izatys with other native communities surrounding the lake called the MdeWakan. (spirit lake) Today it is renamed Mille lacs [French]...presently known nationally as a premier walleyed pike fishing area. The holy lake or spirit lake, Mdewakan, was a central spot from which the Dakota expanded into other areas. Here hunting, fishing, wild nuts, berries, maple syrup, wild rice, and other resources, were prolific and the Dakota thrived.
The Ojibwe had been displaced and made refugees by the continued westward push by Americans to colonize Native lands and resources [you call it immigration]. The French armed the Ojibwa aka Chippewa, with guns and gun powder in 1750. After bombing and shooting up of Izatys, the Dakota were forced south after battles with the Ojibwe. The Ojibwe are located there at present. The Dakota and bands are now located in more southern Minnesota. Fast forward past the Great Sioux uprising of 1862, which lead to the largest mass hanging in the USA, to the year 1956.
In 1956, the USA enacted the "Indian relocation act". This was another attempt to dissolve native nations, to acculturate and assimilate, to destroy. Under this program, Natives were provided transportation to urban centers around the country. Often they knew no one, had no access to housing and jobs, and were left to fend for themselves. Many wound up living on the streets or met a grizzly end in the urban environments, My mother was sent to LA in the early '60s. In 1967 my uncle (then in the Marine Corps) identified the body of a badly beaten and sick woman in the LA morgue, my mother.
Minneapolis became a relocation center for natives. The most impoverished area was known as the Phillips Neighborhood. This neighborhood is just south of the downtown urban area. It was considered a predominantly native neighborhood in the '50s and '60s in terms of demographics with a similar smattering of Blacks and Latinos.
The city receives money for accepting Hmong and Somalis. The amount I don't know. I do know that the Minneapolis/St Paul areas have the largest populations of Somalis and Hmong peoples in the USA.
I also know that many of these refugees were at first placed in the Phillips Neighborhood displacing many of the natives in time. Hmong first in 1975 and later more in 1980. Somalis arrived around 1990. There were several altercations between the Somali immigrants and the local black and native populations. Several natives did leave the area but the urban native housing project called "Little Earth" remains. I observed personally the contempt the local blacks had for the Somalis.
In recent times some Somalis have relocated to near north suburbs which resulted in many complaints from the middle-class locals about low rent complexes being built and the phenomenon known as "White Flight" took form.
There is no racist intent in this post. The story is true. Why aren't these immigrants placed or accommodated in Edina, Kenwood, southwest and West Metro, Plymouth, or Lynhurst? Hint NIMBY.
The Nazis say they will not replace us...Few care who displaces or even annihilates Native Americans.
MOR News published a story in 2012 about the influx of Somali refugees into the small town of Willmar, in west-cemtral Minnesota.
Somali entrepreneurs have opened 15 businesses downtown, most of them clustered in a little mall, where shoppers can buy anything from goat meat to fried sambusa dumplings.
Even though there are fewer Somalis in west-central Minnesota than in Minneapolis, some find Willmar's small-town charm much more appealing than the hustle and bustle of the big city.
The newcomers from Somalia are changing the social fabric of Willmar, a community with strong Scandinavian roots, now home to about 20,000 people (roughly the same size of my parent's home town, Hastings, Minnesota)
From an elderly man to a teen who is on the Willmar High School basketball team, Somalis say the city has embraced them.
Willmar is still grappling with the uncertainty that comes with immigration. More than 20 years after migrant farmers from Mexico and the southern United States began to make Willmar home, a flood of new arrivals from Somalia has introduced new frictions. It has also compelled people to move beyond their comfort zones and talk to their neighbors.
Over the years, Willmar has learned a thing or two about accepting outsiders.
A rural town surrounded by turkey farms, it's home to about 4,100 Latino residents, roughly a fifth of the city's population. They've opened Mexican groceries, where butchers carve meat to the sound of regional Mexican music.
City leaders say immigrants have driven Willmar's growth. They've kept the local economy ticking and ensured the schools are adequately funded. Census estimates suggest about 500 Somalis live in Willmar, but community members say the population is much larger.
Somali children say they find acceptance at school, where the lines are more blurred. In 2005, Somali runners at the high school led their cross-country team to a state championship.
Community leaders say most residents accept, if not embrace, the fact that Willmar is a community of change. It's also a harbinger of what's to come. Other cities across Minnesota and even the nation have looked to Willmar to learn how this all-American city has adapted.