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Dutch Wrote: Someone on TV made a comparison of 1929 and now; it is unbelievable how "L'Histoire ce repette". Chamberlin a British diplomat also praised Hitler before the war, as well the GOP in 1929 introduced tariffs, which resulted in the crash of 1929. Everyone knows what happened thereafter.
The Great Depression began nearly a year before the passage of the Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act, so blaming tariffs for the Great Depression is a bit of a stretch.
Numerous things led to the Great Depression, most notably Black Tuesday and the subsequent failure of nearly 10,000 banks which didn't have the protections of the FDIC since it wasn't created yet. Millions of Americans simply saw their life savings evaporate into thin air over night without any remedy to get a penny of it back.
At the same exact time, the Dust Bowl was ravaging millions of acres of farmland throughout the country, leading to the failure of crops at a scale the country had never seen nor knew how to combat.
To add fuel to the fire, people stopped purchasing goods, which in turn led to the closing of countless factories and businesses that made goods. The viscous cycle of people ceasing to spend and businesses closing because people weren't spending led to an unemployment rate of a catastrophic 25%.
Smoot-Hawley didn't necessarily help dig us out of the depression, but it certainly didn't cause it.