Being born and raised in Chicago, I am well aware of abuses by cops. I also know that one thing can lead to another. Driving around a big city with a junker usually raises a cop's awareness that the person driving a vehicle as such is an immediate indicator to them that the driver is poor or struggling financially and often overlooks or puts off repairs. Violations such as a cracked windshield, a tail light out, license plate light out, expired license plate sticker, expired city sticker, raise the officer's interest in writing a ticket. I used to get quite a few, and while being stopped for these kinds of miniscule offenses, it was something on the order of a (Spanish Inquisition) or being asked a series of questions such as what are you doing in this neighborhood? have you had anything to drink? do you have any drugs on you? are there any marijuana roaches in your ashtray, do you have any weapons? and on and on.
I found several websites that tell black people how to act and what not to do when a cop stops them for any number of reasons. The suggestions provided should be required reading for any young person, teenager, and even people who are aged. These websites outline how a person should act or react. Whether a person is white or black, these really should be required reading. I knew a kid who lived in a suburb of Chicago, he was driving down a toll road here, but speeding. The state police tried to pull him over. He attempted to run, but his car ran out of gas, and he got out and ran on foot. An Illinois state cop chased him to a tall chain link fence along the toll road which he tried to climb to gat away, and when the cop came upon the kid, the state police told him to stop. He did not and the cop shot at him, the bullet striking him in the right hand. He lost total use of his hand. He did sue and received a settlement. He was a white teenager.
The link below is PBS, and there's a guide on what people need to know when stopped for a cop.
10 Rules of Survival if Stopped by the Police
1. Be polite and respectful when stopped by the police. Keep your mouth closed.
2. Remember that your goal is to get home safely. If you feel that your rights have been violated, you and your parents have the right to file a formal complaint with your local police jurisdiction.
3. Don’t, under any circumstance, get into an argument with the police.
4. Always remember that anything you say or do can be used against you in court.
5. Keep your hands in plain sight and make sure the police can see your hands at all times.
6. Avoid physical contact with the police. No sudden movements, and keep hands out of your pockets.
7. Do not run, even if you are afraid of the police.
8. Even if you believe that you are innocent, do not resist arrest.
9. Don’t make any statements about the incident until you are able to meet with a lawyer or public defender.
10. Stay calm and remain in control. Watch your words, body language and emotions.