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I need your help, I’m doctoral student conducting dissertation research. Can you PLEASE take 2-3 minutes to fill out a very brief survey (see link below) regarding your attitudes toward Muslims?
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Your help is greatly appreciated!
Description of the study: Following the tragic events of 9/11 when Muslim terrorists attacked America, hate crimes against Muslims increased by 1700% (Federal Bureau of Investigation crime statistics, cited in Sheridan and Gillet, 2005). The media reported a substantial amount of discrimination toward individuals who identified with Islam (Byers & Jones, 2007). In addition to Muslims, other minorities and foreigners perceived to be Muslim faced intolerance, distrust, hostility, discrimination and racist violence following the events of 9/11 (Orhun, 2009). The terrorist attacks of 9/11 led to feelings of disdain against Islam and have had enduring consequences for Muslims such as violence, physical and verbal abuse, vandalism of Islamic institutions, institutionalized discrimination, and overt prejudice (Allen, 2010; Hall, 2004; Laird et al., 2007; Sway, 2005).
The phenomenon of contempt and antipathy toward Muslims is known as Islamophobia (Orhun, 2009). Islamophobia is defined as a fear of Islam that perpetuates prejudice and discrimination against Muslims that can, in turn, generate feelings of stigmatization, marginalization and rejection among Muslims (Allen, 2010; Bleich, 2011; Gottschalk & Greenberg, 2008; Orhun, 2009; Runnymede Trust, 1997). Islam has been associated with terrorism and has been regarded as a threatening religion that embraces violence (Allen, 2010). Consequently, Islam has triggered a generalized fear of Muslims among Americans (Ernst, 2013).
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